Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Alex Garcias


In the world we have only one method Open Corporate Capital (IPO). The method is centralized. Countries have stock exchanges. If the entrepreneur wants to open Corporate Capital for his small or medium business, he should go to the centralized market and start corporate capital on the Stock Exchange like Dow Jones, NASDAQ and others in other countries.

That’s nice? Of course, it’s great Open Corporate Capital on Dow Jones or NASDAQ. But how many companies have the financial and technical conditions to Open Corporate Capital at Dow Jones or NASDAQ, as an example?

The Centralized Stock Exchange, like Dow Jones and NASDAQ, should consolidate companies with great financial capacity and excellent technical conditions. Because this is the centralized market rule for corporate IPO.

This truth is shown in the simple question: How many companies are registered in the government of your country? How many in your country are IPO on the stock exchange?

There is no doubt that the number of companies registered in the government is greater than the number of companies with centralized IPOs.

Cause and effect in the chain

What is the effect if all companies registered in the government open corporate capital in central Stock Exchange?

What is the effect if all companies registered in the government and registered in centralized Stock Exchange open corporate capital by crypto-assets?


The objective of Open Corporate Capital is to expose the company, profit and win investments. The Trilogy: Company Exposure, Profit, and Investment is the gas for any company or project. Without the trilogy, bankruptcy is the only way.

There is many companies and many people around the world that need investments, company exposition and profit for projects.

The centralized system cannot be accessed by all people and businesses. Only companies with large financial capacity, large technical support can access the centralized stock market such as Dow Jones or NASDAQ.

In this essay we look at the simple method to Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets as alternative to centralized Stock Exchange market.

Alex Garcias:


Alex Garcias, Dr. Attorney. Research. Developer C#, Python, Solidity, PHP, HTML, CSS. Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets, August, 2019.

Web site: |

GitHub AGGreen:

AGGreen Contact:

GitHub AGPirate:

AGPirate Contact:

Alex Garcias contact:


Twitter: @lexgarcias

Academia Science

What is ICO? What is IMO? Disruption with Blockchains, cryptocurrency, IoT, Smart Contracts


Alex Garcias | Advogados


Monetary mechanics is changing. The classical model is replaced by modern monetary mechanics. The method of accessing investments, dividing recompense into two or more countries, buying and selling in world trade or domestic market, solving international conflicts, dividing opportunities for all people in Human Rights, false government, untruthful data security, false bank, untrue stock exchange, untruthful judiciary, false corporate, untrue education, untrue Federal Bank, false fractional reserve system, false classical money, are causes that the effects are the collapse of the classical monetary system, classical trading system, classical government system, classical judicial system. The current monetary mechanism is bankrupt.

How is the market and the relationship between people, companies, governments, banks, stock exchanges, jobs, investments, corporate governance, legal, recompense without the classic monetary system, no classic money, no classic jobs, no classic recompense, no bag of classical values? without the classic division of recompense, without classic money, without access to banks, without the judiciary to resolve conflicts?

Centralized method

The current system around the world has a centralized method. The government centralized, the Judiciary centralized, the power to draft rules and laws centralized, centralized control of the World Trade. Global investment control is centralized. The whole system in government and structure to control and resolve conflicts and money are centralized. If the individual or the companies have a conflict, the centralized method is to solve the problem by the Judiciary and its chain: lawyers, prosecutors, judges and others.

If the individual or companies need money to invest in their projects, the centralized method is the bank, the government or the stock exchange. Monopoly of classical money.

If the individual or companies they want to invest in any company anywhere in the world, the centralized method is the worldwide stock exchange. We believe that investments in publicly traded companies are for few people and investments in stock market are for few companies. Most people and most companies around the world do not participate in the stock exchange system to send or receive investments.

In Brazil, for example, they have more or less 9 million companies registered in the government system. The Brazilian stock exchange has more or less 250 companies.

In Brazil, for example, they have 210 million people. The number of Brazilians who invest in companies inside or outside the classic stock exchange system is insignificant.

Note the total number of companies that are registered in the US government system, France’s government system, Italy’s government system, China’s government system linked to the total amount of the company that has publicly traded stock in those countries. Note the total amount of the person in those countries, for example, that sends and receives recompense through the classic system of the stock exchange. Note that the classic system for resolving conflicts, classic system to send and receive market recompense are for the few people and few companies around the world.

Is there a new method for people and companies around the world to send and receive investments to other people or other companies without a classic stock exchange system without a classic money system without a classic system for resolving conflicts?

How individuals and companies in developing and isolated countries can receive and send investments from anywhere in the world to their personal or corporate projects without a classic stock exchange system, classic banking system, classic government system, solve international problems or domestic trade conflicts?

African, Brazilian, Chinese, singer, musician, farmer, fisherman, actor, author or other can send and receive investments worldwide without classic stock exchange system, classic banking system, classic system of government, classic court system?

Continue reading

Appel d’offres public au Brésil

Alex Garcia Silveira

Ciência Jurídica

Appel d’offres public au Brésil

L’enchère est un antécédent nécessaire du contrat administratif.

Le contract est l’effet logique de l’appel d’offre public. Ce n’est qu’une procédure administrative préparatoire à un ajustement futur.
Le gagnant de l’appel d’offres publics sáttend avoir le droit de contracter avec l’administration publique.
Gagner ne confère pas un droit absolu au contrat. Juste, attente de droit.

Modification de la legislation sur les appels d’offres publics au Brésil

  • Code de comptabilité de l’Union, 1922;
  • Décret-loi nº 200/67,
  • Loi nº 5.456/68, Loi nº 6.946/81;
  • Décret-loi nº 2.300/86 – abrogé;
  • Loi nº 8.666/93 modifié par des lois nº 8.883/94 et nº 9.648/98 et:
  • Voir le décret n° 99.658 de 1990; Voir le décret n° 1.054 de 1994; Voir le décret n° 7.174 de 2010; Voir mesure provisoire n° 544 de 2011; Voir la loi n° 12.598 de 2012;
  • Constitucionnel Fédéral article 22, XXVII, 37 XXI, modifer la Constituição du Brésil 1988 – article 173 para EC 19/98.

Notion d’appel d’offres public

C’est une procédure administrative par laquelle l’administration publique choisit la proposicion la plus vantageuse pour le contract d’intérêt.

But de l’appel d’offres public

L’appel d’offres public a pour de rechercher le contrat le plus avantageux. Il a également pour but de garantir le droit du vainqueur de la procédure d’appel d’offres public.

Il a deux objectifs. Un pour l’Etat et un pour l’individu qui participe à la procédure d’appel d’offres public
L’article 3º Loi 8.666/93 – l’appel d’offres est destiné à assegurer le respect du principe constitutionnel de l’isonomie, la sélection de la preposition la plus avantageuse pour l’administration et la promotion du développement national durable.

Principes d’appel d’offres public au Brésil

  •  Procédure formelle;
  •  la publicité de vos actes;
  •  l’égalite entre les participants;
  •  Confidentialité des propositions;
  •  Monnaie légale ou invitation à participer à l’appel d’offres public;
  •  Adjudication obligatoire du gagnat;
  •  La légalité, l’impersonnalité, lá moralité, la publicité, la probité administrative, l’attachement à l’acte de convocation, le jugement objectif et ceux qui y sont liés.

Procédure formelle

Ce principe impose un appel d’offres public, une législation contraignante.
Je relie la législation, la réglementation, les obligations, l’avis public ou linvitation à processus d’appel d’offres public.

Publicité d’actes

La législation brésilienne détermine à l’article 37 de la Constitution la publicité des actes l’administration publique directe ou indirecte.
L’enchère est publique depuis l’ouverture jusqu’au jugement final. Tous les documents, pièces jointes, propositions, opinions, décisions liées au processus. Tout sera public et acessible au public.

Égalité entre les participants à l’appel d’offres public

il est garanti que le participant à l’appel d’offres public bénéficiera d’un traitement égal.


La proposition du participant d l’appel o’ffres public est confidentielle. Il doit être ouvert en même temps que l’ouverture de toute offre par l’appel d’offres publique.
L’ouverture du document ou de la proposition et la divulgation de son contenu avant e moment donné, entraîne l’annulation de la procédure d’appel public.
Loi nº 8.666/93, article 3º, §3º, Le processus d’appel d’offres ne sera pas confidentiel, et le public agit et publie les actes de sa procédure, sauf pour le contenu des propositions, jusqu’a l’ouverture respective.
Loi nº 8.666/93, article 43 §1º, Les enveloppes contenant la documentation pour la qualification et les propositions seront ouvertes toujours dans in acte public préalablement désigné, à partir duquel seront établis des procès-verbaux détaillés, signés par le soumissionnaires présents et par la commission.

Lien vers l’édit

L’avis es le droit interne des appels d’offers publics. Il applique et garantit en ses termes les parties qui participent à l’appel d’offres public.
Loi nº 8.666/93, article 41, L’Administration ne peut violer les règles et les conditions de l’avis public, auquel elle est strictement liée.

Jugement objectig

Lors de l’évaluation de propositions, la Comission tient compte des critères objectifs définis dans l’appel d’offres, qui ne doivent pas etrê en contradiction avec les normes et principes établis par la loi nº 8.666/93.

Probité administrative

Probité administrative es l’ordre constitutionnel, article 37º, §4º.
Chanque administrateur de la chose publique a une obligation avec probité.

Adjudication obligatoire

L’administration publique est tenue d’engager le vainqueur de la procédure d’appel d’offres public.

Objet d’enchères publiques

C’est le travail, le service, l’achat, l’aliénation, la concession, la permission et le bail.

Citation: SILVEIRA, Alex Garcia, Appel d’offres public dans la loi administrative du Brésil,
Instagram: @alexgarciasofc