Essay 1: Legal Smart Contracts – General aspects

smart-contract-alex-garcias-oct-19-02

Alex Garcias – Legal Smart Contract

Essay 1: Legal Smart Contracts – General aspects

Observation

In the world, we have some methods to resolve legal conflicts. In any case, the ultimate goal of the governor to prevent private revenge in the centralized system is to send conflicts to the judicial system.

It is safe to say that the government has a monopoly of justice. Because the government, which includes politicians and political issues, controls the law and controls the judicial system as a judge, prosecutors and lawyers.

Every country has the same system for resolving conflicts. Every country, with rare exceptions, has a legislative system, judicial system, and executive system. They call this the ecosystem as “The Three Pillars of Power” in a Rule of Law Republic.

The Three Pillars of Power are evident as the main element of the centralized system for building laws in the legislative system, enforcing law in the judicial system, and administration by the executive system.

This means that the government has absolute control over the three pillars of power in the Democratic State. Absolute government control over the three pillars of democratic power does not represent the sentiment of the people. We often see inequality in countries. Inequality is the effect of the administration of the three pillars of democracy. Thus, inequality is a political effect.

The judicial system in many countries has the same problems, as follow:

  1. High cost for taxpayers;

  2. High cost to access the judicial system;

  3. Power abuse. Court officials, prosecutors, lawyers, the judiciary police;

  4. Inequality. The world judicial system pays more attention to the rich and less attention to other social classes.

  5. The time to resolve conflicts is longer;

  6. Inefficiency to resolve conflicts;

  7. Corruption;

  8. Racism;

  9. Political power submission;

The judicial system needs to evolve to be called fair.

Perhaps as we think of the judicial system we will remember the judicial system in the developed country. But we think of the judicial system in developing countries or the third world, fourth world, fifth world. How do people in those countries have rights and duties guaranteed in the judicial system? How they access the judiciary to resolve their conflicts that are Law and Duties between people? Just look at these people to see the evidence that their rights and duties are not respected by the State they are a citizen of.

There are many conflicts that do not need government or other intermediary intervention. The judicial system should be reserved for solving State problems regarding political agents and public administration. Thus, the judiciary must oversee and control the government and judge its action or omission against the people.

In the background, the judicial system must judge each person’s action or omission against human life and the State. The others are rights and duties such as the crime against material or immaterial property, domestic or international commercial conflicts, civil law, criminal law, except crime against human life among others, there is no need for access to the judicial system to be resolved.

It is common for companies to access the court system to resolve worker-related, unpaid, consumer law, real estate law such as renting, buying, selling. Many legal conflicts can be resolved without intermediaries and without access to the court system. Person to person, company to company. They can follow general law and resolve their conflicts without intermediaries.

With new technologies like Blockchain, IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, we can move from centralized to decentralized system to fix problems in the three pillars of the Democracy. In this essay, we look at solutions for the judicial system.

Argument

We consider that judicial system problem first:

Development countries;

Isolate places;

Legal Smart Contract can control rights and duties about person, company, government without intermediaries as judicial system, arbitration, mediation;

All human relationship about human rights and duties can be controlled by technologies such as Legal Smart Contract, Blockchain, Internet of things, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning;

Legal Smart Contract can control rights and duties and solve conflicts without intermediaries within seconds;

Legal Smart Contract is a common contract with special quality. Its quality is self-execution. When the ecosystem receives instructions between the world of facts and the virtual world, the rights and duties recorded in the Legal Smart Contract are fulfilled without human intervention, without intermediaries.

Complet – PDF: http://alexgarcias.com.br/Ensaios/English/smart-contract/1.legal-smart-contract-general-aspects-alex-garcias-oct-19.pdf

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Alex Garcias, Dr. Essay 1: Legal Smart Contract – General aspects, 2019, http://alexgarcias.com.br

Smart Contract. Linked. Blockchain

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Smart Contract Person

Developer: Solidity 0.5.11, HTML, CSS, Web3.js;

Observation:

This Yellow Paper resume the technical information about link between Smart Contracts. Each human activities has your own Smart Contract. Some human activities has more importance that others. So, is important too register some human activities in Smart Contract so solve conflicts without intermediaries. We suppose that the individual “Alpha” has one house, one car, one soon, one cat, one job, education, take care to health, travel and waste.

We build the Smart Contract to linked the important human activities. The first Smart Contract register the data about the person. Other Smart Contracts as buy, sell, rent properties are linked with the Smart Contract Person that Hash is the primary key of the Ecosystem. The same to Car.

If a person buys a car, the legal relationship between buyer and seller is recorded in the Smart Contract. The Smart Contract can transfer money, assets, property, anything, automatically, without intermediaries like lawyers, judiciary and banks. So when accessing the Smart Contract person’s Hash primary key the information is public, private, and sensitive data, with access level determined as public or private in the Solidity program, about the person connected to Smart Contract properties, cars. Thus, personal information and car information are recorded in Smart Contract and stored in Blockchain. The same to soon and parents.

The hash, children and parents, specific smart contract, are recorded in the smart contract and stored in the Blockchain. There is cross data information. The Id of offspring is registered in father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, brother, health, education and other human activities. In resume, read Blockchain Structure, is possible link Smart Contract to register all important human activities in the Blockchain, as follow:

Full doc: https://github.com/AlexGarcias/SmartContract/blob/master/ReadMe.md

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Garcias, Alex. Dr. Yellow Paper. Link between Smart Contracts. Structure, August, 2019.

Website: http://alexgarcias.com.br

Repository: https://github.com/alexgarcias

Company AGGreen Smart: https://github.com/aggreensmart | agg@alexgarcias.com.br

Company AGPirate Smart: https://github.com/agpirate | agp@alexgarcias.com.br

LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/in/alexgarcias

Twitter @lexgarcias

Academia Science

https://independent.academia.edu/alexgarcia463

Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Alex Garcias

Observation

In the world we have only one method Open Corporate Capital (IPO). The method is centralized. Countries have stock exchanges. If the entrepreneur wants to open Corporate Capital for his small or medium business, he should go to the centralized market and start corporate capital on the Stock Exchange like Dow Jones, NASDAQ and others in other countries.

That’s nice? Of course, it’s great Open Corporate Capital on Dow Jones or NASDAQ. But how many companies have the financial and technical conditions to Open Corporate Capital at Dow Jones or NASDAQ, as an example?

The Centralized Stock Exchange, like Dow Jones and NASDAQ, should consolidate companies with great financial capacity and excellent technical conditions. Because this is the centralized market rule for corporate IPO.

This truth is shown in the simple question: How many companies are registered in the government of your country? How many in your country are IPO on the stock exchange?

There is no doubt that the number of companies registered in the government is greater than the number of companies with centralized IPOs.

Cause and effect in the chain

What is the effect if all companies registered in the government open corporate capital in central Stock Exchange?

What is the effect if all companies registered in the government and registered in centralized Stock Exchange open corporate capital by crypto-assets?

Problem

The objective of Open Corporate Capital is to expose the company, profit and win investments. The Trilogy: Company Exposure, Profit, and Investment is the gas for any company or project. Without the trilogy, bankruptcy is the only way.

There is many companies and many people around the world that need investments, company exposition and profit for projects.

The centralized system cannot be accessed by all people and businesses. Only companies with large financial capacity, large technical support can access the centralized stock market such as Dow Jones or NASDAQ.

In this essay we look at the simple method to Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets as alternative to centralized Stock Exchange market.

Alex Garcias: http://alexgarcias.com.br/Ensaios/English/IPO/Open-Corporate-Capital-by-Crypto-assets-Alex-Garcias.pdf

Academia.edu: https://www.academia.edu/40074829/Open_Corporate_Capital_by_Crypto-assets

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Alex Garcias, Dr. Attorney. Research. Developer C#, Python, Solidity, PHP, HTML, CSS. Open Corporate Capital by Crypto-assets, August, 2019.

Web site: http://alexgarcias.com.br | https://github.com/alexgarcias

GitHub AGGreen: https://github.com/aggreensmart

AGGreen Contact: agg@alexgarcias.com.br

GitHub AGPirate: https://github.com/agpiratesmart

AGPirate Contact: agp@alexgarcias.com.br

Alex Garcias contact: contato@alexgarcias.com.br

LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/in/alexgarcias

Twitter: @lexgarcias

Academia Science

https://independent.academia.edu/alexgarcia463

Blockchain, Internet delle Cose , Crypto-currency, Protezione dei dati personale, Contrato auto-eseguibile: Come può aiutare nella soluzione dell’inquinamento plastico nel Mar Mediterraneo?

 
Alex Garcias | Advogados

Osservazione

L’inquinamento è un problema che sfida la società contemporanea. La mancanza di punizione nazionale e internazionale incoraggia l’azienda a produrre senza responsabilità per il bene comune in equilibrio tra la qualità sana della vita della persona e il profitto aziendale. Trovare quell’equilibrio è difficile, ma non impossibile.

Il modello di business contemporaneo è strutturato per affrontare in primo luogo gli interessi della società, i partner commerciali, gli investitori e tutte le catene aziendali. Lasciando il consumatore finale di prodotto e servizio nell’ultimo piano.

Un nuovo modello di business è necessario per sostituire il vecchio modello che solo i valori del bene materiale della società e la sua catena. Questo modello sarà dedicato alla persona in misura maggiore rispetto alla dedizione contemporanea. La persona e la sua catena di relazione sarà il bene con il più alto valore per il commercio mondiale. Attraverso il rispetto di Diritti Umani l’industria sarà obbligata a cambiare il suo modello di business per migliorare la vita delle persone e del pianeta.

Parecchie regolazioni legali hanno la determinazione di protezione dell’ambiente. Ma l’inefficienza è chiara. Abbiamo problemi con la questione ambientale in tutto il mondo.

Tra le questioni giuridiche in materia di diritto ambientale, in questo articolo, osserviamo l’inquinamento plastico nel Mar Mediterraneo e il metodo tecnologico per risolvere il problema o per ridurre gli effetti sull’ambiente.

Argomento

Come può la tecnologia blockchain contribuire a ridurre l’inquinamento plastico?

Come può la tecnologia blockchain collegato a Internet delle cose, cryptocurrencies, protezione dei dati persona naturale, e il contratto auto eseguibile contribuire a ridurre l’inquinamento della plastica?

https://alexgarcias.com.br/Ensaios/Italian/Blockchain/AmbientaleBlockchain/DirittoAmbientaleBlockchainInquinamentoPlasticaSoluzioneAlexGarciasAvvocato.pdf

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Alex Garcia Silveira – CEO – Alex Garcias | Advogados, Blockchain, Internet delle Cose , Crypto-currency, Protezione dei dati personale, Contrato auto-eseguibile: Come può aiutare nella soluzione dell’inquinamento plastico nel Mar Mediterraneo? , 2018.

Essai Compliance: telle que blockchain, Internet des objets, Crypto-currency, contrat exécutable peut aider

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Observation

Il s’agit d’une préoccupation mondiale de la suffisance des entreprises de la règle du commerce mondial et domestique.

Dans les pays en développement, comme le Brésil, le nombre d’entreprises sans plan de conformité est supérieur à 82%. Ce nombre se rapporte au montant des affaires en faillite au cours des 2 premières années d’exploitation.

Méthodes pour adapter les entreprises la loi est en cours d’élaboration par les cabinets d’avocats et d’autres professionnels. Certains que est important que l’entreprise a conformité avec loi. Mais, le modèle actuel est-il efficace?

La statistique montre que non. Le modèle de conformité est inefficace dans les pays en développement. Et, dans une moindre mesure, mais observables à grande échelle, dans les pays développés.

Ainsi, la conformité des entreprises en droit national et internationale est un problème mondial. Un problème qui touche tous les secteurs de l’économie.

Il est nécessaire de développer un nouveau système pour l’adéquation des entreprises de la Loi. Parce que le courant est inefficace, a un coût élevé, a une grande chaîne de personnes et de choses. Il s’agit d’un système obsolète qui doit être corrigé pour l’évolution du commerce mondial.

Dans le nouveau modèle, la conformité est utilisée une fois. Au moment de la structuration ou de la restructuration de l’entreprise.

L’activité de conformité constante est remplacée par la technologie. Les informations sur la société et la personne sont stockées dans le blockchain, après application de la conformité à la législation nationale et internationale. L’Internet des choses contrôle chaque étape de la administration de l’entreprise. Ainsi, le modèle de conformité actuel sera éteint dans un court laps de temps.

Argument

Comment Blockchain peut-il aider les entreprises à se conformer à la loi?

Comment Blockchain, connectée à l’Internet des objets, peut-elle aider les entreprises à se conformer à la loi?

Comment Blockchain, connectée à l’Internet des objets, connectée à Crypto-currency, peut-elle aider les entreprises à se conformer à la loi?

Comment Blockchain, connectée à l’Internet des objets, connectée à Crypto-currency, connectée à loi générale sur la protection des données peut-elle aider les entreprises à se conformer à la loi?

Comment Blockchain, connectée à l’Internet des objets, connectée à la crypto-monnaie, connectée à la loi générale sur la protection des données, peut-elle être contrôlée par contrat exécutable et aider les entreprises à se conformer à la loi?

Complet pdf:

https://alexgarcias.com.br/Ensaios/France/Blockchain/Compliance/ComplianceBlockchainAlexGarciasAvocat.pdf

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Alex Garcia Silveira – CEO – Alex Garcias | Advogados, Essai
Compliance: telle que blockchain, Internet des objets, Crypto-currency, contrat exécutable peut aider, 2018.

Diritto ambientale e nuove tecnologie

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Diritto ambientale e nuove tecnologie

L’inquinamento è un problema che sfida la società contemporanea. La mancanza di punizione nazionale e internazionale incoraggia l’azienda a produrre senza responsabilità per il bene comune in equilibrio tra la qualità sana della vita della persona e il profitto aziendale. Trovare quell’equilibrio è difficile, ma non impossibile.
Il modello di affari contemporaneo è strutturato per affrontare in primo luogo gli interessi della società, i partner commerciali, gli investitori e tutte le catene aziendali. Lasciando il consumatore finale di prodotto e servizio nell’ultimo piano.
Un nuovo modello di affari è necessario per sostituire il vecchio modello che solo i valori del bene materiale della società e la sua catena.
Questo modello sarà dedicato alla persona in misura maggiore rispetto alla dedizione contemporanea.
La persona e la sua catena di relazione sarà il bene con il più alto valore per il commercio mondiale.
Attraverso il rispetto di Diritti Umani l’industria sarà obbligata a cambiare il suo modello di business per migliorare la vita delle persone e del pianeta.

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Alex Garcia Silveira – CEO – Alex Garcias | Advogados, Diritto ambientale e nuove tecnologie, 2018

Geographic indication and blockchain

Alex Garcias | Advogados

Geographic indication and blockchain

How can the Blockchain technologies help to Geographic Indication?

Cheese case

Identify the elements of the chain

Material elements

Milk is the main element of cheese. Whether it is cow’s milk or other milk is considered material elements.
The cow is registered in the system for the consumer to know about the quality of the milk.
Thus, all information about the cow is stored in the blockchain as public data of the cow, private data on cow, sensible data on cow such as health, DNA, biological characteristics, food, weight, remedies, vaccines, ancestors, Global location – real-time.
Any information about the animal can be stored in the blockchain.
The cow data may be in a public or private database. And it can be accessed by consumers to know all the people and all the material involved in the production of food.
It is the mathematical certainty of the geographical localization of the final product.
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Alex Garcia Silveira – CEO – Alex Garcias | Law firm, Geographic indication and blockchain, 2018

Start companies How blockchain linked with others technologies can help

 

Alex Garcias | AdvogadosStart companies How blockchain linked with others technologies can help

Observation

In developing country employment is a big problem for the local and global economy. People need to survive, and without a formal work they have tendency to start a company in the formal or informal market. The formal market we consider the registration officer in the Government. On the other hand, the informal market is considered unregistered companies in the body of the Government. Stimulate start new companies is good for the local and global economy.

However, when the start of new businesses is made by someone with no experience in corporate management to local or global market entry can be bad for entrepreneurship and for the first, second, third, sectors of the economy. You can put the market and the person at risk. In Brazil, as an example to encourage the opening of companies such as effect of the lack of jobs, known as an entrepreneur out of necessity, in 2017, had open 200,000 new businesses. Due to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship by needs and other issues linked directly or indirectly with the corporate administration, roughly 76% of new companies, in the country of development, Brazil as an example, go to bankruptcy in first 2 years to 6 years of activities.

The number of companies in bankruptcy is very high at the place of observation. The effects of company in bankruptcy is bad for the person’s life and bad for the market. How the new technologies about Blockchain, Internet of Things, General Data Protection Rules, Crypt-currency, executable contracts, in general aspects, can be help to start new company with security, transparency to avoid corporate bankruptcy in the 6 years of the activities we will analysis in this paper.

Argument

Starting businesses is very complicated for the person who does not know about specific administration. The lack of capacity of the company’s management is a relevant cause of bankruptcy.

How can blockchain help in the process of starting a business?

How can blockchain and other linked technologies help start a business to maintain stability until the first 6 years of activities?

Full pdf

http://alexgarcias.com.br/Ensaios/English/Contracts/StartCompanies/StartCompaniesBlockchainsDataProtectionAlexGarcias.pdf

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SILVEIRA, Alex Garcia, Start companies How blockchain linked with others technologies can help, São Paulo, Brazil, 2018.